- Laws of indices work with numerical and algebraic terms
- These can be used to simplify expressions where terms are multiplied or divided
- Deal with the number and algebraic parts separately

- Deal with the number and algebraic parts separately
- The index laws you need to know and use are summarised here:

- If
**two powers**(bigger than 1)**are equal**and the base numbers are the**same**then the indices must be the same- If then

- If the unknown is part of the index then write both sides with the same base number
- Then you can ignore the base number and make the indices equal and solve that equation

- In more complicated questions you might have to use negative and fractional indices
- You may also have to rewrite both sides with the same base number

(a)

Simplify
.

Multiply out the brackets in the numerator.

Rearrange the numerator so that you are multiplying the numbers together, the
terms together and the
terms together.

Simplify the numerator.

Multiply the constants together and add the powers of the
terms together.

Divide the constants.

Subtract the power of the
term in the denominator from the
term in the numerator:
.

Subtract the power of the
term in the denominator from the
term in the numerator:
.

(b)

Simplify
.

Simplify the expression inside the brackets.

Cancel down the constants.

Subtract the power of the
term in the denominator from the
term in the numerator:
.

Apply the negative index outside the brackets by 'flipping' the fraction inside the brackets.

Apply the fractional index outside the brackets to everything inside the brackets.

Simplify.

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